Virtues of Subhan Allahi wabihamdihi

Bismillah Hirahman Niraheem

Light on the Tongue but Heavy on the Scales

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon him) said, “There are two statements that are light for the tongue to remember, heavy in the Scales and are dear to the Merciful: `Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi, Subhan-Allahil-Azim[Glory be to Allah and His is the praise, (and) Allah, the Greatest is free from imperfection)’.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Riyad-ul-Saliheen Commentary:

This Hadith affirms that man’s actions carry weight. On the Day of Judgement, his actions will be cast into the Balance. At that time Allah will endow these actions with weight, or according to some scholars, those records which register man’s actions will be weighed. This is quite possible for the reason that Almighty Allah is Capable of weighing things without even their physical form. This discussion apart, when actions will be cast into the Balance, the formula mentioned in the Hadith, the utterance of which is very easy, will prove weighty. Every Muslim should make it a practice to repeat them frequently.

Juwairiyah bint Al-Harith (May Allah be pleased with her) reported, the Mother of the Believers: The Prophet (peace be upon him) came out from my apartment in the morning as I was busy in performing the dawn prayer. He came back in the forenoon and found me sitting there. The Prophet (peace be upon him said, “Are you still in the same position as I left you.” I replied in the affirmative. Thereupon the Prophet said, “I recited four words three times after I had left you. If these are to be weighed against all you have recited since morning, these will be heavier. These are: Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi, `adada khalqihi, wa rida nafsihi, wa zinatah `arshihi, wa midada kalimatihi [Allah is free from imperfection and I begin with His praise, as many times as the number of His creatures, in accordance with His Good Pleasure, equal to the weight of His Throne and equal to the ink that may be used in recording the words (for His Praise)].”[Sahih Muslim]. Commentary: The recitation of the words quoted in this Hadith is highly meritorious and rewarding because they are full of Praise and Glorification of Allah.

Expression that is most loved by Allah

Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said to me, “Shall I tell you the expression that is most loved by Allah?” It is `Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi’ (Allah is free from imperfection and His is the praise)’.”[Sahih Muslim].

Obliterating Sins of the extent of the foam of the ocean

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “And he who utters: `Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi (Allah is free from imperfection and His is the praise)’ one hundred times a day, his sins will be obliterated even if they are equal to the extent of the foam of the ocean.’‘[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]. Commentary: Here sins mean minor sins and those which do not relate to the rights of people.

A Palm-tree will be planted in Jannah

Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “For him who says: `Subhan-Allahi wa bi hamdihi (Allah is free from imperfection, and I begin with praising Him, and to Him),’ a palm-tree will be planted in Jannah.”[At-Tirmidhi].

Commentary: Jannah is so vast that we cannot even imagine its vastness. The planting of trees in return for the Praise and Glorification of Allah is, therefore, neither something difficult nor surprising. So, there should not be any hesitation in accepting it as a fact. Some people take it is as a metaphor for a plentiful reward.


Abu Bakr Siddiq-Verbal Abuse

Bismillah Hirahaman Niraheem

Once, a person was verbally abusing Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) while the Prophet (peace be upon him) was curiously watching with a smile. After taking much abuse quietly, Abu Bakr responded to a few of his comments. At this, the Prophet exhibited his disapproval, got up and left. Abu Bakr caught up with the Prophet and wondered, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, he was abusing me and you remained sitting. When I responded to him, you disapproved and got up.’ The Messenger of Allaah responded,
‘There was an angel with you responding to him. When you responded to him, Satan took his place.’ He then said ..

‘O Abu Bakr, there are three solid truths: If a person is wronged and he forbears it (without seeking revenge) just for the sake of Allaah almighty, Allaah will honour him and give him the upper hand with His help; if a person opens a door of giving gifts for cementing relationships with relatives, Allaah will give him abundance; and, if a person opens a door of seeking charity for himself to increase his wealth, Allaah will further reduce his wealth.’

Reported from Abu Huraira in Mishkaah and Musnad Ahmad.


Inducement towards the Recitation of some Special verses and Surah of the Noble Qur’an

Bismillah Hirahaman Niraheem,

Surah Al-Fatihah

1009. Abu Sa`id Ar-Rafi` bin Al-Mu`alla (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Shall I teach you the greatest Surah in the Qur’an before you leave the mosque?” Then he (PBUH), took me by the hand, and when we were about to step out, I reminded him of his promise to teach me the greatest Surah in the Qur’an. He (PBUH) said, “It is `Alhamdu lillahi Rabbil `Alamin (i.e., Surat Al-Fatihah) which is As-Sab` Al-Mathani (i.e., the seven oft-repeated Ayat) and the Great Qur’an which is given to me.” [Al-Bukhari].

Commentary: Allah the Almighty says: “And indeed, We have bestowed upon you seven of Al-Mathani (the seven repeatedly recited Ayat), (i.e., Surat Al-Fatihah) and the Grand Qur’an.” (15:87). This Hadith is an elaboration of the Quranic Ayah quoted above. The Prophet (PBUH) held that As-Sab` Al-Mathani is Surat Al-Fatihah (the Opening Chapter) because these seven Ayat are recited not only in every Salat but in every Rak`ah of every Salat for the reason that no Salat is valid without the recitation of this Surah, as is evident from the saying of the Prophet (PBUH): “The Salat of that person who has not recited Surat Al-Fatihah is void.” It has also been regarded as the greatest Surah of the Qur’an as it covers all the objects of the Qur’an and is a condensation of all the subjects which have been discussed in detail in its other Surah. It includes the belief in the Tauhid (the belief in the Oneness of Allah)), the worship of Allah, the Day of Resurrection, promise (of Jannah) and warning (against Hell-fire), instances of the pious and impious people of the past communities, and the lessons their conduct has for others. Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi have reported a Hadith in which the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: “Al-hamdu lillahi Rabbil `Alamin (i.e., Surat Al-Fatihah) is Umm-ul-Qur’an that is its origin, basis and essence”.

Surah Al-Ikhlas

1010. Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported about Surat Al-Ikhlas (Chapter 112): The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “By Him in Whose Hand my soul is, it is equivalent to one-third of the Qur’an.” According to another version, he (PBUH) said to his Companions, “Is anyone of you incapable of reciting one-third of the Qur’an in one night?” They considered it burdensome and said: “O Messenger of Allah, which of us can afford to do that?” He (PBUH) said, “Surat Al-Ikhlas [Say: He is Allah (the) One] is equivalent to one-third of the Qur’an.” [Al-Bukhari].

Commentary: One reading of Surat Al-Ikhlas has return and reward equal to the recitation of one-third of the Qur’an. This Surah mentions the Oneness of Allah. This is enough to make one realize how much Allah (SWT) likes the recitation and remembrance of His Oneness. This is the reason, He has declared Shirk (polytheism) an absolutely unpardonable sin.

Surah Al-Falaq and Surah An-Naas

1015. Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to seek protection against the evil of jinn and the evil eyes till Surat Al-Falaq and Surat An-Nas were revealed. After they were revealed, he took to them for seeking Allah’s protection and left everything besides them. [At-Tirmidhi].

Commentary: Like men, jinns have also good and bad elements among them. Almighty Allah has endowed them with such power that if they want they can, with the Will of Allah, harm human beings. This is the reason mischievous jinns harm people. Similarly, influence of the evil eye is also true. What it means is that if a person looks at someone with greed and envy, the evil effects of his look will reach the person viewed, and because of that he has to suffer some loss or trouble or accident. For this reason, the Prophet (PBUH) would seek the protection of Allah against the jinns and the evil eye and pray in his own words for it, saying: “I seek Your protection against jinns and evil eyes of the people.” After the revelation of the Surah Al-Falaq and An-Nas (last two Surah of the Quran) he started reciting them because these were revealed for this purpose. These Surah are also called “Al-Mu`awwidhatain” which mean two Surah which provide protection. It is, therefore, very useful to seek the protection of Allah by reciting them.

Surah Al-Mulk

1016. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, “There is a Surah in the Qur’an which contains thirty Ayat which kept interceding for a man until his sins are forgiven. This Surah is `Blessed is He in Whose Hand is the dominion.’ (Surat Al-Mulk 67).” [At-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud].

Commentary: This Hadith means that on the Day of Resurrection this Surah will intercede with Allah for the forgiveness of its reciter. This Hadith has been narrated (in Arabic) in the past tense because, like the past indefinite, its occurrence is definite and not open to inquiry. At some places, however, it has also been narrated in the present tense.

Surah Al-Baqarah

1017. Abu Mas`ud Al-Badri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Prophet (PBUH) saying, “He who recites the two Ayat at the end of Surat Al-Baqarah at night, they will suffice him.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary: “Suffice him” here means that he will be protected from the evils. Its another meaning is that these two Ayat will take the place of Tahajjud (optional prayer in the late hours of the night). Imam An-Nawawi has cited the latter meaning.

1018. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying: “Do not turn your houses into graveyards. Satan runs away from the house in which Surat Al-Baqarah is recited.” [Muslim].

Commentary: This Hadith instructs us not to turn our homes into the like of a graveyard through the negligence of reciting the Qur’an in them. It also points out the excellence of Surat Al-Baqarah, which when recited, will certainly keep the devil away.

1019. Ubayy bin Ka`b (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: “Abu Mundhir! Do you know which Ayah in Allah’s Book is the greatest?” I replied: “It is `Allah la ilaha illa Huwal-Haiyul-Qayum (Allah! none has the right to be worshipped but He, the Ever Living…)’.” (2:256) Thereupon he (PBUH) patted me in the chest and said, “Rejoice by this knowledge, O Abu Mundhir!” [Muslim].

Commentary: The words cited in the Hadith occur at the beginning of Ayat-ul-Kursi (No. 256 of Surat Al-Baqarah of the Qur’an). The merits mentioned in the Hadith are for the whole Ayah. Ayat-ul-Kursi mentions the Majestic Attributes and Mighty Powers of Allah and is, therefore, very meritorious. “Rejoice by this knowledge” means “May this knowledge be a source of respect, honour and benefit to you.” And knowledge here stands for the knowledge of the Qur’an and Hadith which is certainly a means of success in this world and the Hereafter.

Surah Al-Kahf

1021. Abud-Darda’ (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: “Whoever commits to memory the first ten Ayat of the Surat Al-Kahf, will be protected from (the trial of) Ad-Dajjal (Antichrist).” [Muslim].

In another narration, the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: “(Whoever commits to memory) the last ten Ayat of Surat Al-Kahf, he will be protected from (the trial of) Ad-Dajjal (Antichrist).”

Commentary: Ad-Dajjal will appear sometime before Yaum-ul-Qiyamah. Allah, the Almighty will give him some supernatural powers the manifestation of which will shake the faith of many people. For this reason, this will be a serious trial. All Prophets warned their people against him. Our Prophet (PBUH) also warned us against him and ordered us to guard ourselves from it and strictly advised us to seek Refuge of Allah against it. This Hadith tells us the way to save ourselves from Ad-Dajjal. The recitation of the first or the last ten Ayat of Surat Al-Kahf, in the morning and evening, is very useful for this purpose. Sheikh Al-Albani has, however, regarded the last ten Ayat probably and the first ten Ayat surely effective against this mischief.

Surat Al-Fatihah and Surat Al-Baqarah

1022. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: While Jibril (Gabriel) was sitting with the Messenger of Allah (PBUH), he heard a sound above him. He lifted his head, and said: “This is a gate which has been opened in heaven today. It was never opened before.” Then an angel descended through it, he said: “This is an angel who has come down to earth. He never came down before.” He sent greetings and said: “Rejoice with two lights given to you. Such lights were not given to any Prophet before you. These (lights) are: Fatihah-til-Kitab (Surat Al-Fatihah), and the concluding Ayat of Surat Al-Baqarah. You will never recite a word from them without being given the blessings it contains.” [Muslim]. Commentary: This Hadith tells the excellence of the last Ayat of Surat Al-Baqarah. (That is from Amanar-Rasul to the end of the Surah). Any one who recites these Ayat with a sincere heart will receive guidance, forgiveness and bliss in this life and in the Hereafter.

Source: Riyad-us-Saliheen,Volume Two,Book of Virtues,Chapter 183

Miracles of Prophet (SWS)

Bismillah Hirahaman Niraheem

The Miracles of Prophet Muhammad(SWS) as in Summarized Al-Bukhari translated by Dr.Muhammad Muhsin Khan.

1) The Holy Quran is the living miracle bestowed by Allah upon Prophet Muhammad (SWS) and this, Allah’s book was revealed to him through the Ruh-ul-Qudus(Gabriel). Today 1400 years have passed and nobody has been able to change a single letter or produce its imitation, as it is said in the Quran[Surah Hijr,V 15:9] and the statement of the Prophet(SWS): “Before me, every Prophet was given a miracle and they practiced it during their lifetime: eg. Musa was given the stick, etc. and I have been given the permanent miracle of the Quran till the Hour is established, so I hope that my followers will be more in number than all the other Messengers’ as my miracle will last till the Day of Resurrection, and it is a Glorious Book; when anyone reads it, even if he is a pagan, etc., he is convinced that it is produced by none but by the Creator of the heavens and the earth.

2) The splitting of the moon:

       Narrated Anas(RA) that the Makkans requested Allah’s Messenger(SWS) to show them a miracle, so he showed them the splitting of the moon. [Sahih Al-Bukhari,Vol. 4,Book 56, Hadith No.831]

3)The crying of the stem of the date-palm tree in the Prophet’s Mosque:

          Narrated Ibn Umar(RA) that the Prophet(SWS) used to deliver his khutbah(religious talk) while leaning against a trunk of a date-palm tree. When he(SWS) had the pulpit made and used it instead, the trunk started crying and the Prophet(SWS) went to it, rubbing his hand over it(to stop its crying). [Sahih Al-Bukhari,Vol. 4,Book 56, Hadith No.783]

4) The flowing of water from among the fingers of Allah’s Messenger(SWS)

              Narrated ‘Abdullah(RA): We used to consider miracles as Allah’s Blessings, but you people consider them to be a warning. Once we were with Allah’s Apostle on a journey, and we ran short of water. He said, “Bring the water remaining with you.” The people brought a utensil containing a little water. He placed his hand in it and said, “Come to the blessed water, and the Blessing is from Allah.” I saw the water flowing from among the fingers of Allah’s Apostle , and no doubt, we heard the meal glorifying Allah, when it was being eaten (by him).  [Sahih Al-Bukhari,Vol. 4,Book 56, Hadith No.779]

          Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah(RA) : I was with the Prophet(SWS) and the time for the asr prayer became due. We had no water with us except a little which was put in a vessel and was brought to the Prophet(SWS). He(SWS) put his hand into it and spread out his fingers and then said, “Come along! Hurry up! All those who want to perform ablution. The blessing is from Allah.” I saw the water gushing out from his fingers. So the people performed the ablution and drank, and I tried to drink more of that water(beyond my thirst and capacity), for I knew that it was a blessing. The subnarrator said: I asked Jabir, “How many persons were you then?” He replied, “We were one thousand four hundred men.” (Salim said: “Jabir said – 1500) [Sahih Al-Bukhari,Vol.7,Book 69, Hadith No.543]

5) The Prophet’s(SWS) meals used to glorify Allah while he(SWS) ate, and this glorification was heard by the companions of the Prophet(SWS). [Sahih Al-Bukhari,Vol. 4,Hadith No.779]

6) Stones used to greet the Prophet(SWS) whenever he(SWS) passed by through the lanes of Makka.

7) The throwing out of a dead body of a Christian by the earth: Narrated Anas(RA): There was a Christian who embraced Islam and read Surah Al-Baqarah and Surah Aal-imran and he used to write the revelation for the Prophet(SWS). Later on he reverted to Christianity and used to say, “Muhammad knows nothing but what I have written for him.” Then Allah caused him to die and the people buried him but in the morning they found that the earth had thrown out his body. They said, “This is the deed of Muhammad(SWS) and his companions. They have opened the grave of our companion and took his body out because he ran away from them.” So they again dug the grave deeper for him, but in the morning they again found that the earth had thrown the body out. They said, This is the deed of Muhammad(SWS) and his companions.” So they dug a third grave for him as deep as they could, but in the morning they found that the earth had thrown the body out. Then they believed what had befallen him, was not done by mankind, and they had to leave the body on the ground. [Sahih Al-Bukhari,Vol. 4,Book 56, Hadith No.814]

8) The screening (shading) by the trees, for the Prophet(SWS) to answer the call of nature.

9) The rising of water in the well at Hudaibiya after it had dried.

         Narrated Al-Bara(RA): We were one-thousand-and-four-hundred persons on the day of Al-Hudaibiya (Treaty), and (at) Al-Hudaibiya (there) was a well. We drew out its water not leaving even a single drop. The Prophet sat at the edge of the well and asked for some water with which he rinsed his mouth and then he threw it out into the well. We stayed for a short while and then drew water from the well and quenched our thirst, and even our riding animals drank water to their satisfaction. [Sahih Al-Bukhari,Vol. 4,Book 56, Hadith No.777]

10) The increase in the amount of datesin the garden of Jabir bin Abdullah after the Prophet(SWS) went round the heaps of dates and invoked Allah for HIS blessings.

     Narrated Jabir(RA): My father had died in debt. So I came to the Prophet and said, “My father (died) leaving unpaid debts, and I have nothing except the yield of his date palms; and their yield for many years will not cover his debts. So please come with me, so that the creditors may not misbehave with me.” The Prophet went round one of the heaps of dates and invoked (Allah), and then did the same with another heap and sat on it and said, “Measure (for them).” He paid them their rights and what remained was as much as had been paid to them. [Sahih Al-Bukhari,Vol. 4,Book 56, Hadith No.780]

11) Speaking of the wolf: It is also said that a wolf spoke to one of the Companions of the Prophet (SWS) near Al-Madinah as narrated in Musnad of Ahmad, Vol.3, Page 83, Musnad Abi Saeed Al-Khudri. Narrated Abi Saeed Al-Khudri(RA): (While a shepherd was amongst his sheep) suddenly a wolf attacked a sheep and took it away. The shepherd chased the wolf and took back the sheep. The wolf sat on its tail and addressed the sheep saying: “Be afraid of Allah, you hae taken the provision from me which Allah gave me.” The shepherd said: “What an amazing thing! A wolf sitting on its tail speaks to me in the language of a human being.” The wolf said: “Shall I tell you something more amazing than this? There is Muhammad (SWS)(the Messenger of Allah) in Yathrib (Al-Madinah) informing the people about the news of the past.” Then the shepherd proceeded (towards Al-Madinah) driving his sheep until he entered Al-Madina (city), cornered his sheep to one side and came to Allah’s Messenger (Muhammad) SWS and informed the whole story. Allah’s Messenger SWS ordered for the proclamation of a congregational prayer, then he SWS came out and asked the shepherd to inform the people (about his story) and he informed them. Allah’s Messenger(SWS) said: “He(the shepherd) has spoken the truth. By Him (Allah) in Whose Hands my soul is, the day of Resurrection will not be established till beasts of prey speak to the human beings, and the stick lash and the shoe-laces of a person speak to him and his thigh informs him about his family as to what happened to them after him.[ Musnad of Ahmad, Vol.3, Page 83, Musnad Abi Saeed Al-Khudri]

12) The Miraj: The Ascent of the Prophet (SWS) to the heavens.

         Narrated Abu Dhar(RA): Allah’s Apostle said, “While I was at Mecca the roof of my house was opened and Gabriel descended, opened my chest, and washed it with Zam-zam water. Then he brought a golden tray full of wisdom and faith and having poured its contents into my chest, he closed it. Then he took my hand and ascended with me to the nearest heaven, when I reached the nearest heaven, Gabriel said to the gatekeeper of the heaven, ‘Open (the gate).’ The gatekeeper asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel answered: ‘Gabriel.’ He asked, ‘Is there anyone with you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Yes, Muhammad I is with me.’ He asked, ‘Has he been called?’ Gabriel said, ‘Yes.’ So the gate was opened and we went over the nearest heaven and there we saw a man sitting with some people on his right and some on his left. When he looked towards his right, he laughed and when he looked toward his left he wept. Then he said, ‘Welcome! O pious Prophet and pious son.’ I asked Gabriel, ‘Who is he?’ He replied, ‘He is Adam and the people on his right and left are the souls of his offspring. Those on his right are the people of Paradise and those on his left are the people of Hell and when he looks towards his right he laughs and when he looks towards his left he weeps.’

Then he ascended with me till he reached the second heaven and he (Gabriel) said to its gatekeeper, ‘Open (the gate).’ The gatekeeper said to him the same as the gatekeeper of the first heaven had said and he opened the gate. Anas said: “Abu Dhar added that the Prophet met Adam, Idris, Moses, Jesus and Abraham, he (Abu Dhar) did not mention on which heaven they were but he mentioned that he (the Prophet ) met Adarn on the nearest heaven and Abraham on the sixth heaven. Anas said, “When Gabriel along with the Prophet passed by Idris, the latter said, ‘Welcome! O pious Prophet and pious brother.’ The Prophet asked, ‘Who is he?’ Gabriel replied, ‘He is Idris.” The Prophet added, “I passed by Moses and he said, ‘Welcome! O pious Prophet and pious brother.’ I asked Gabriel, ‘Who is he?’ Gabriel replied, ‘He is Moses.’ Then I passed by Jesus and he said, ‘Welcome! O pious brother and pious Prophet.’ I asked, ‘Who is he?’ Gabriel replied, ‘He is Jesus.

Then I passed by Abraham and he said, ‘Welcome! O pious Prophet and pious son.’ I asked Gabriel, ‘Who is he?’ Gabriel replied, ‘He is Abraham. The Prophet added, ‘Then Gabriel ascended with me to a place where I heard the creaking of the pens.” Ibn Hazm and Anas bin Malik said: The Prophet said, “Then Allah enjoined fifty prayers on my followers when I returned with this order of Allah, I passed by Moses who asked me, ‘What has Allah enjoined on your followers?’ I replied, ‘He has enjoined fifty prayers on them.’ Moses said, ‘Go back to your Lord (and appeal for reduction) for your followers will not be able to bear it.’ (So I went back to Allah and requested for reduction) and He reduced it to half. When I passed by Moses again and informed him about it, he said, ‘Go back to your Lord as your followers will not be able to bear it.’ So I returned to Allah and requested for further reduction and half of it was reduced. I again passed by Moses and he said to me: ‘Return to your Lord, for your followers will not be able to bear it. So I returned to Allah and He said, ‘These are five prayers and they are all (equal to) fifty (in reward) for My Word does not change.’ I returned to Moses and he told me to go back once again. I replied, ‘Now I feel shy of asking my Lord again.’ Then Gabriel took me till we ” reached Sidrat-il-Muntaha (Lote tree of; the utmost boundry) which was shrouded in colors, indescribable. Then I was admitted into Paradise where I found small (tents or) walls (made) of pearls and its earth was of musk.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari,Vol. 1,Book 8, Hadith No.345] and also in [Vol.5, Book 58, Hadith No.227]

Seven people under Allah’s shade on Day of Resurrection

Bismillah Hirahaman Niraheem

Abu Hurairah(RA) reported: The Prophet(SWS) said <<Seven are (the persons)whom Allah(SWT) will give protection from HIS shade on the Day when there will be no shade except HIS shade(i.e., on the Day of resurrection), and they are

  • a just ruler
  • a youth who grew up with the worship of Allah(SWT)
  • a person whose heart is attached to the mosque
  • two persons who love and meet each other and depart from each other for the sake of Allah
  • a man whom a beautiful and high ranking woman seduces(for illicit relation), but he (rejects this offer by saying): ‘I fear Allah’
  • a person who gives a charity and conceals it (to such an extent) that the left hand might not know what the right has given and
  •  a person who remembers Allah in solitude and his eyes well up.>>

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Basics of Islam

Bismillah Hirahaman Niraheem

‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab (May Allah be pleased with him) said: Once we were sitting in the company of Messenger of Allah(SAW) when there appeared a man dressed in very white clothes and having extraordinary black hair. No signs of fatigue of journey appeared on him and he was known to none of us. He sat down facing the Prophet (SAW) leaning his knees against the knees of the Prophet (SAW) and placing both of his palms over his two thighs and said, “O Muhammad (SAW)! Tell me about Islam”. He (SAW) replied, “Islam is to testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and that Muhammad (SAW) is the Messenger of Allah; that you observe Salat (prayers), pay Zakat, observe Saum (fasting) of Ramadan and perform Hajj (pilgrimage) of the House, provided you have resources of making journey to it.” He replied: “You have spoken the truth”. We were surprised to see that he had asked him and confirmed the correctness of the answers. He then enquired: “Tell me about Iman”. He (SAW) said, “It is to believe in Allah, and His Books, and His Messengers and the Last Day and that you believe in foreordainment, its bad and good consequences.” He said,”You have spoken the truth.” He then enquired: “Tell me about Ihsan.” He (SAW) said, “It is to worship Allah as if you are seeing Him; and although you do not see Him, He sees  you”. He enquired: “Inform me about the Hour (i.e., the Day of Resurrection)”. He (SAW) replied, “I have no more knowledge thereof than you”. He said, “Inform me about some of its signs”. He (SAW) said, “They are – that a bondswoman gives birth to her own master, and that you will find the barefooted, naked, poor shepherds competing one another in the construction of higher buildings”. Then he departed. The Messenger of Allah kept silent for a while then he said to me, “O `Umar! Do you know who the questioner was?” I replied, “Allah and His Messenger know better”. The Prophet (SAW) said, “He was Jibril (Gabriel); he came to you to teach you your religion”.[Muslim]

Commentary: This Hadith is known as ‘Hadith Jibril’. It mentions the basics of Islam the details of which are known to every Muslim. Al-Qadr (Divine foreordainment)means that Allah already knows and had recorded everything that will happen until the Day of Resurrection. Now whatever happens is in accordance with that knowledge and writing. What is meant by its good and bad consequences can be illustrated by saying that tranquillity, prosperity and abundance of crops come in the category of good consequences. Famine, calamities and troubles, etc., fall in the list as evil consequences. But we regard them good or bad according to our own understanding; otherwise, every action of Allah has some wisdom and expedience which are known to Him Alone.

Riyad-us-Saliheen,Volume 1, hadith 60