Archive | February 2012

Five Reasons why you should not watch TV

Bismillah Hirahaman Niraheem

             A major issue among the Muslims of today is whether watching TV is allowed or not allowed. Every coin has two sides, similarly watching TV has its own pros and cons. Whatever affects religion negatively is Islamically unacceptable. Watching TV also has many disadvantages which go against the Shariah.

 Reason 1: Exposes awrah.

          Islam accepts the fact that humans are created weak and that they can be easily tempted. That is why lowering of the gaze for men and women is prescribed in the Quran. The Shariah also states the permissible awrah for men and women separately as a general requirement of modesty. In television short dresses have become the norm and muslims are not even conscious that they are seeing what is not permissible. It has de-sensitized muslims to the extent that they no longer lower their gazes when they see something obscene and they have no feelings of shame or guilt.

        Another aspect is that watching TV promotes listening to music, which is another area where difference of opinion exist as to whether it is allowed or not.

Reason 2 : Spreading corrupt beliefs

          TV is full of programs and commercials that reinforce risky behaviours, such as drinking alcohol, doing drugs, smoking cigarettes and showing women in poor light. Violence and murder is all right if it is done by a good person. Mingling of men and women is not at all wrong. Hijab is forgotten. This leads to moral degeneration where wrong practices become acceptable. People start to become materialistic, being tempted to buy all that is shown in the commercials.

 Reason 3: Addictive

            Another problem with watching TV is that it is addictive. Many problems within a family arise because either the husband or wife is so addicted to the TV that they start neglecting the family and kids. It also leads one to neglect or forget his salah. The time which could be spent effectively in Allah’s remembarance, reading the Quran or gaining knowledge of deen is wasted in front of theTV.

Reason 4: Negative impact on kids

       TV can interfere with activities such as being physically active, reading, doing homework, and spending time with family. Playing with friends, which is very crucial to developing a child’s social skills, is also affected. This can be very devastating to a child because good socialization skills are important in the development of becoming a productive adult.  Kids may become used to violence The mind of a child is like clay. It forms early impressions on what it sees, and these early impressions determine how he sees the world and affect his grown-up behavior.

 Reason 5: Health concerns

            According to American Medical Association, people who watch too much TV are usually overweight. The physical inactivity causes obesity. They’re also bombarded with ads that encourage them to eat unhealthy foods like potato chips and empty-calorie soft drinks that often become preferred snack foods. Watching too much TV exhausts what psychologists call the orientation response, making you feel tired and depressed. It may feel like it relaxes you but it actually agitates and tires your brain.

IMPORTANT HADITH

        That which is Halaal is clear and that which is Haraam is clear, and between the two of them are ambiguous (mutashabihat) matters about which many people do not know. Thus he who avoids ambiguous matters clears himself in regard to his religion and his honour, but he who falls into ambiguous matters (eventually) falls into that which is Haraam, like the shepherd who pastures around a sanctuary, all but grazing therein. Truly every king has a sanctuary, and truly Allaah’s sanctuary is His prohibitions. Truly in the body there is a morsel of flesh, which, if it be whole, all the body is whole, and which, if it is diseased, all of (the body) is diseased. Truly, it is the heart.”
[Sahih Bukhari & Sahih Muslim].

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Hijab – To Wear or Not to Wear

Bismillah Hirahaman Niraheem

With Hijab/Without Hijab

        In today’s world of growing so-called feminism, the most common question faced by muslim women is ‘Why should women wear hijab in Islam?’ Answers include that hijab protects women from evil glances, or evil thoughts of men; allows a woman to be treated with respect; liberalises women so she no longer is judged by her looks but by her actions,etc. There is no denying that all these reasons are completely true. But the only reason a women should wear hijab is because Allah (SWT) commanded them to do so and Allah (SWT) has a wisdom behind each of HIS commandments.

VERSES OF QURAN PERTAINING TO HIJAB

“Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty: that will make for greater purity for them: And Allah is well acquainted with all that they do. And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty; that they should not display their beauty and ornaments except what (must ordinarily) appear thereof; that they should draw their veils over their bosoms and not display their beauty except to their husbands, their fathers, their husband’s fathers, their sons, their husbands’ sons, their brothers or their brothers’ sons, or their sisters’ sons, or their women, or the slaves whom their right hands possess, or male servants free of physical needs, or small children who have no sense of the shame of sex; and that they should not strike their feet in order to draw attention to their hidden ornaments. And O ye Believers! turn ye all together towards Allah, that ye may attain Bliss.” [Surah Nur 24:30-31]

“O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies. That will be better, that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed. And Allaah is Ever Oft‑Forgiving, Most Merciful” [Surah Ahzaab 33:59]

WHAT IS HIJAB

Some criteria for hijab according to Quran and Sunnah are as follows :

1) Extent: The first criterion is the extent of the body that should be covered. This is different for men and women. The extent of covering obligatory on the male is to cover the body at least from the navel to the knees. For women, the extent of covering obligatory is to cover the complete body except the face and the hands upto the wrist. If they wish to, they can cover even these parts of the body. There is a difference of opinion among scholars whether face veil is obligatory or not.

All the remaining five criteria are the same for men and women.

2. The clothes worn should be loose and should not reveal the figure.

3. The clothes worn should not be transparent such that one can see through them.

4. The clothes worn should not be so glamorous as to attract the opposite sex.

5. The clothes worn should not resemble that of the opposite sex.

6. The clothes worn should not resemble that of the unbelievers i.e. they should not wear clothes that are specifically identities or symbols of the unbelievers’ religions. eg. muslims cannot wear cross which is the sign of christianity or anything that is a specific sign of non believers

MISCONCEPTIONS ABOUT HIJAB

                As is the common misconception, hijab does not pertain only to women and neither is only covering oneself from head to toe. Hijab includes hijab of the eyes, hijab of the heart, hijab of the senses.
The ayat from Surah Nur is commonly misinterpreted by todays muslims who have fallen prey to westernisation. They argue that Allah (SWT) only ordered women to extend their veils over their bosoms and that wearing a head scarf is not compulsory. Before the revelation of this verse, women would wear a scarf but they would place the ends behind their head so that their earrings, neck and chest would be seen[like Christian nuns wear]. With the revelation of this verse, it became clear that they had to cover their ears, neck and chest with their head covering.

               Another common mistake is when sisters start wearing their hijab later in their life, they tend to practise it only when they go out. They forget their hijab in front of their cousins or uncles who are non-muharrim according to the Quran[24:31]. They feel hijab is not necessary since they grew up with these cousins or uncles. But we cannot pick and choose between the verses of Allah(SWT). We have to follow it in its entirety.

             May Allah (SWT) give us the strength to follow hijab to please HIM and guide us on the straight path. Ameen.

Image courtesy : http://www.facebook.com/MiraclesOfQuran

Miracles of Prophet (SWS)

Bismillah Hirahaman Niraheem

The Miracles of Prophet Muhammad(SWS) as in Summarized Al-Bukhari translated by Dr.Muhammad Muhsin Khan.

1) The Holy Quran is the living miracle bestowed by Allah upon Prophet Muhammad (SWS) and this, Allah’s book was revealed to him through the Ruh-ul-Qudus(Gabriel). Today 1400 years have passed and nobody has been able to change a single letter or produce its imitation, as it is said in the Quran[Surah Hijr,V 15:9] and the statement of the Prophet(SWS): “Before me, every Prophet was given a miracle and they practiced it during their lifetime: eg. Musa was given the stick, etc. and I have been given the permanent miracle of the Quran till the Hour is established, so I hope that my followers will be more in number than all the other Messengers’ as my miracle will last till the Day of Resurrection, and it is a Glorious Book; when anyone reads it, even if he is a pagan, etc., he is convinced that it is produced by none but by the Creator of the heavens and the earth.

2) The splitting of the moon:

       Narrated Anas(RA) that the Makkans requested Allah’s Messenger(SWS) to show them a miracle, so he showed them the splitting of the moon. [Sahih Al-Bukhari,Vol. 4,Book 56, Hadith No.831]

3)The crying of the stem of the date-palm tree in the Prophet’s Mosque:

          Narrated Ibn Umar(RA) that the Prophet(SWS) used to deliver his khutbah(religious talk) while leaning against a trunk of a date-palm tree. When he(SWS) had the pulpit made and used it instead, the trunk started crying and the Prophet(SWS) went to it, rubbing his hand over it(to stop its crying). [Sahih Al-Bukhari,Vol. 4,Book 56, Hadith No.783]

4) The flowing of water from among the fingers of Allah’s Messenger(SWS)

              Narrated ‘Abdullah(RA): We used to consider miracles as Allah’s Blessings, but you people consider them to be a warning. Once we were with Allah’s Apostle on a journey, and we ran short of water. He said, “Bring the water remaining with you.” The people brought a utensil containing a little water. He placed his hand in it and said, “Come to the blessed water, and the Blessing is from Allah.” I saw the water flowing from among the fingers of Allah’s Apostle , and no doubt, we heard the meal glorifying Allah, when it was being eaten (by him).  [Sahih Al-Bukhari,Vol. 4,Book 56, Hadith No.779]

          Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah(RA) : I was with the Prophet(SWS) and the time for the asr prayer became due. We had no water with us except a little which was put in a vessel and was brought to the Prophet(SWS). He(SWS) put his hand into it and spread out his fingers and then said, “Come along! Hurry up! All those who want to perform ablution. The blessing is from Allah.” I saw the water gushing out from his fingers. So the people performed the ablution and drank, and I tried to drink more of that water(beyond my thirst and capacity), for I knew that it was a blessing. The subnarrator said: I asked Jabir, “How many persons were you then?” He replied, “We were one thousand four hundred men.” (Salim said: “Jabir said – 1500) [Sahih Al-Bukhari,Vol.7,Book 69, Hadith No.543]

5) The Prophet’s(SWS) meals used to glorify Allah while he(SWS) ate, and this glorification was heard by the companions of the Prophet(SWS). [Sahih Al-Bukhari,Vol. 4,Hadith No.779]

6) Stones used to greet the Prophet(SWS) whenever he(SWS) passed by through the lanes of Makka.

7) The throwing out of a dead body of a Christian by the earth: Narrated Anas(RA): There was a Christian who embraced Islam and read Surah Al-Baqarah and Surah Aal-imran and he used to write the revelation for the Prophet(SWS). Later on he reverted to Christianity and used to say, “Muhammad knows nothing but what I have written for him.” Then Allah caused him to die and the people buried him but in the morning they found that the earth had thrown out his body. They said, “This is the deed of Muhammad(SWS) and his companions. They have opened the grave of our companion and took his body out because he ran away from them.” So they again dug the grave deeper for him, but in the morning they again found that the earth had thrown the body out. They said, This is the deed of Muhammad(SWS) and his companions.” So they dug a third grave for him as deep as they could, but in the morning they found that the earth had thrown the body out. Then they believed what had befallen him, was not done by mankind, and they had to leave the body on the ground. [Sahih Al-Bukhari,Vol. 4,Book 56, Hadith No.814]

8) The screening (shading) by the trees, for the Prophet(SWS) to answer the call of nature.

9) The rising of water in the well at Hudaibiya after it had dried.

         Narrated Al-Bara(RA): We were one-thousand-and-four-hundred persons on the day of Al-Hudaibiya (Treaty), and (at) Al-Hudaibiya (there) was a well. We drew out its water not leaving even a single drop. The Prophet sat at the edge of the well and asked for some water with which he rinsed his mouth and then he threw it out into the well. We stayed for a short while and then drew water from the well and quenched our thirst, and even our riding animals drank water to their satisfaction. [Sahih Al-Bukhari,Vol. 4,Book 56, Hadith No.777]

10) The increase in the amount of datesin the garden of Jabir bin Abdullah after the Prophet(SWS) went round the heaps of dates and invoked Allah for HIS blessings.

     Narrated Jabir(RA): My father had died in debt. So I came to the Prophet and said, “My father (died) leaving unpaid debts, and I have nothing except the yield of his date palms; and their yield for many years will not cover his debts. So please come with me, so that the creditors may not misbehave with me.” The Prophet went round one of the heaps of dates and invoked (Allah), and then did the same with another heap and sat on it and said, “Measure (for them).” He paid them their rights and what remained was as much as had been paid to them. [Sahih Al-Bukhari,Vol. 4,Book 56, Hadith No.780]

11) Speaking of the wolf: It is also said that a wolf spoke to one of the Companions of the Prophet (SWS) near Al-Madinah as narrated in Musnad of Ahmad, Vol.3, Page 83, Musnad Abi Saeed Al-Khudri. Narrated Abi Saeed Al-Khudri(RA): (While a shepherd was amongst his sheep) suddenly a wolf attacked a sheep and took it away. The shepherd chased the wolf and took back the sheep. The wolf sat on its tail and addressed the sheep saying: “Be afraid of Allah, you hae taken the provision from me which Allah gave me.” The shepherd said: “What an amazing thing! A wolf sitting on its tail speaks to me in the language of a human being.” The wolf said: “Shall I tell you something more amazing than this? There is Muhammad (SWS)(the Messenger of Allah) in Yathrib (Al-Madinah) informing the people about the news of the past.” Then the shepherd proceeded (towards Al-Madinah) driving his sheep until he entered Al-Madina (city), cornered his sheep to one side and came to Allah’s Messenger (Muhammad) SWS and informed the whole story. Allah’s Messenger SWS ordered for the proclamation of a congregational prayer, then he SWS came out and asked the shepherd to inform the people (about his story) and he informed them. Allah’s Messenger(SWS) said: “He(the shepherd) has spoken the truth. By Him (Allah) in Whose Hands my soul is, the day of Resurrection will not be established till beasts of prey speak to the human beings, and the stick lash and the shoe-laces of a person speak to him and his thigh informs him about his family as to what happened to them after him.[ Musnad of Ahmad, Vol.3, Page 83, Musnad Abi Saeed Al-Khudri]

12) The Miraj: The Ascent of the Prophet (SWS) to the heavens.

         Narrated Abu Dhar(RA): Allah’s Apostle said, “While I was at Mecca the roof of my house was opened and Gabriel descended, opened my chest, and washed it with Zam-zam water. Then he brought a golden tray full of wisdom and faith and having poured its contents into my chest, he closed it. Then he took my hand and ascended with me to the nearest heaven, when I reached the nearest heaven, Gabriel said to the gatekeeper of the heaven, ‘Open (the gate).’ The gatekeeper asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel answered: ‘Gabriel.’ He asked, ‘Is there anyone with you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Yes, Muhammad I is with me.’ He asked, ‘Has he been called?’ Gabriel said, ‘Yes.’ So the gate was opened and we went over the nearest heaven and there we saw a man sitting with some people on his right and some on his left. When he looked towards his right, he laughed and when he looked toward his left he wept. Then he said, ‘Welcome! O pious Prophet and pious son.’ I asked Gabriel, ‘Who is he?’ He replied, ‘He is Adam and the people on his right and left are the souls of his offspring. Those on his right are the people of Paradise and those on his left are the people of Hell and when he looks towards his right he laughs and when he looks towards his left he weeps.’

Then he ascended with me till he reached the second heaven and he (Gabriel) said to its gatekeeper, ‘Open (the gate).’ The gatekeeper said to him the same as the gatekeeper of the first heaven had said and he opened the gate. Anas said: “Abu Dhar added that the Prophet met Adam, Idris, Moses, Jesus and Abraham, he (Abu Dhar) did not mention on which heaven they were but he mentioned that he (the Prophet ) met Adarn on the nearest heaven and Abraham on the sixth heaven. Anas said, “When Gabriel along with the Prophet passed by Idris, the latter said, ‘Welcome! O pious Prophet and pious brother.’ The Prophet asked, ‘Who is he?’ Gabriel replied, ‘He is Idris.” The Prophet added, “I passed by Moses and he said, ‘Welcome! O pious Prophet and pious brother.’ I asked Gabriel, ‘Who is he?’ Gabriel replied, ‘He is Moses.’ Then I passed by Jesus and he said, ‘Welcome! O pious brother and pious Prophet.’ I asked, ‘Who is he?’ Gabriel replied, ‘He is Jesus.

Then I passed by Abraham and he said, ‘Welcome! O pious Prophet and pious son.’ I asked Gabriel, ‘Who is he?’ Gabriel replied, ‘He is Abraham. The Prophet added, ‘Then Gabriel ascended with me to a place where I heard the creaking of the pens.” Ibn Hazm and Anas bin Malik said: The Prophet said, “Then Allah enjoined fifty prayers on my followers when I returned with this order of Allah, I passed by Moses who asked me, ‘What has Allah enjoined on your followers?’ I replied, ‘He has enjoined fifty prayers on them.’ Moses said, ‘Go back to your Lord (and appeal for reduction) for your followers will not be able to bear it.’ (So I went back to Allah and requested for reduction) and He reduced it to half. When I passed by Moses again and informed him about it, he said, ‘Go back to your Lord as your followers will not be able to bear it.’ So I returned to Allah and requested for further reduction and half of it was reduced. I again passed by Moses and he said to me: ‘Return to your Lord, for your followers will not be able to bear it. So I returned to Allah and He said, ‘These are five prayers and they are all (equal to) fifty (in reward) for My Word does not change.’ I returned to Moses and he told me to go back once again. I replied, ‘Now I feel shy of asking my Lord again.’ Then Gabriel took me till we ” reached Sidrat-il-Muntaha (Lote tree of; the utmost boundry) which was shrouded in colors, indescribable. Then I was admitted into Paradise where I found small (tents or) walls (made) of pearls and its earth was of musk.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari,Vol. 1,Book 8, Hadith No.345] and also in [Vol.5, Book 58, Hadith No.227]

My Quran class

Bismillah Hirahman Niraheem.

It is narrated from Abu Huraira that the Prophet (SAW) said, “As my servant thinks about Me so will I be for him. I am with him if he will remember Me. If he calls on Me in himself I will call him in Myself, and if he calls on Me in a group of people, I mention him in a better group in My presence. If he approaches Me one handspan, I will approach him one arm’s length; if he approaches Me one arm’s length, I will approach him by a cubit; if he comes to Me walking, I will come to him running.”[ Bukhari and Muslim]

As told by someone I know……

It was a time when I was feeling spiritually low. I was not able to connect to Allah whatever I did. There was this sense of emptiness and even reading of the Quran became monotonous. I was not able to comprehend the English translation of the Quran even though I was familiar with English. I was searching for Arabic classes either on the net or near my house so that I could understand the Quran better. I was praying and hoping that Allah would help me get closer to HIM.

One day I went to a nearby shopping mall with my sister. There we saw a muslim sister who wished us salam and after we replied she continued with her shopping. After a few minutes she came searching for us[we were in another section] and asked us whether we would be interested in attending word to word Quran classes in English. That too it was very near to where I was staying. Subhanallah. Subhanallah. My joy knew no bounds and I had never felt so happy before. I felt it was Allah’s answer to my prayers and that He had blessed me with more than what I had asked for. I found the class very useful. Not only did it teach Arabic grammar and Quran word to word translation, it also taught tafseer of the Quran. Alhamdulillah. Rabbi zidni ilma. Our Lord increase us in knowledge. Ameen.

The Egyptian Brother – Fitnah of wealth

Bismillah Hirahaman Niraheem

            Each person has some moments in their life where Allah opens up guidance for them or they simply feel connected to Allah. It may be as simple as a smile which made someone’s day. Insha Allah im planning to publish some real life incidents, either from others or mine, where we felt closer to Allah.Contributions from readers are also most welcome.

“And know that your possessions and your children are but a trial (fitnah) and that surely with Allah is a mighty reward.” [8 : 28]

           This incident is about an Egyptian brother. I am not sure whether I heard about him from his colleague or whether from my Quran teacher. His level of  taqwa touched me very much and I would love to share it with you. This brother was a person with great taqwa mashaAllah. He used to pray his salah on time, read Quran regularly and also put Allah first in all his worldly affairs(i.e., he was always mindful of Allah and always took decisions in terms of whether it would please Allah or not).

            Obviously, he was a hard working and sincere person at workplace and his sincerity ended him with getting him a surprise promotion in a very short time. When he was informed of his promotion it is said that he was close to tears and went to pray immediately. His friends thought that they were tears of joy and that he went to thank Allah. But the brother went to pray because he was now afraid of the day of reckoning. Allah had blessed him with an increase in salary and now he had more questions to answer to Allah.  In this time, where we find people running behind money, his taqwa was immaculate. Instead of being happy about his salary hike, he was worried about how he would spend it and how he was accountable to His creator. Reminded me of some of the companions of SWS.

The Prophet (SAW) used to pray:

“O Allah! I seek your refuge from the evils of the fitnah of wealth, and the evils of the fitnah of poverty.”[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Oh Allah i seek refuge in You. Ameen.

Taqwa Part II- Rewards for muttaqeen

Bismillah Hirahaman Niraheem

Ittaqullah – the verb for fear Allah appears many times in the Quran. It is stated in the Surah Aal-Imran, “O you who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared, and die not except in a state of Islam.”[3:102]. Here, ‘Fear Allah’ means to do all that He has ordered and to abstain from all that He has forbidden. The ‘as He should be feared’ signifies that a believer should obey Him, be thankful to Him and remember Him always. In most of the ayats, which command a believer to do something or forbid something, He(SWT) reminds us to fear HIM. Allah(SWT) has guaranteed various rewards for the muttaqeen as follows.

1) Allah also assures the Muttaqeen that He will provide them sustenance from ways he is not even aware of. Also, Allah will ease all his difficulties and make the path of goodness easy for him. Ayat conveying this meaning : [65:2-3] and [92:5-7]

“And whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to HIM, He will make a way for him to get out(from every difficulty). And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine. And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allah will accomplish his purpose. Indeed Allah has set a measure for all things.”[65:2-3]

2) Taqwa helps to attain the ultimate goal of every believer. i.e.Jannat. There are a number of ayats stressing that Allah grants paradise to people of taqwa.  Ayat conveying this meaning : [3:15], [3:133], [3:198], [12:57], [12:109], [13:35], [15:45], [16:31], [25:15], [29:90], [39:20], [39:73], [47:15].

“For Al-Muttaqeen there are Gardens with their Lord, underneath which rivers flow. They shall abide in it forever and mates pure. And Allah will be pleased with them.”[3:15]

3) Allah will give them the reasoning power to distinguish between truth and falsehood.

“O you who believe! If you obey and fear Allah, He will grant you furqan( a criterion to judge between right and wrong) and will expiate for you your sins, and forgive you; and Allah is owner of Great Bounty.”[8:29]

4) Allah will give double share of his mercy one in this world and another on the day of judgement. He also promises to guide the muttaqeen on the straight path. Ayat conveying this meaning : [57:28] and [49:10]

“O you who believe! Fear Allah and believe in HIS Messenger, He will give you a double portion of His mercy, and He will give you a light by which you shall walk (straight).And He will forgive you. And Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.”[57:28]

5) Allah is the Helper and Protector of the Muttaqeen. He also assures that he is always with the muttaqeen. Ayat conveying this meaning : [2:194], [45:19] and [16:128]

“Verily, they can avail you nothing against Allah. Verily, the zalimun are auliya(protectors) of one another, but Allah is the Wali(Helper,protector) of the Muttaqeen.”[45:19]

6)The plot of disbelievers will not affect the people of taqwa.

“If a good befalls you, it grieves them, but if an evil overtakes you, they rejoice at it. But if you remain patient and become Al-Muttaqeen, not the least harm will their cunning do to you. Surely Allah encompasses all that they do”[3:120]

7) Taqwa causes a believer to attain Allah’s love; love for this world and the Hereafter. Ayat conveying this meaning : [2:212] and [3:76]

“Yes, whoever fulfils his pledge and fears Allah much; then verily Allah loves those who are Al-Muttaqeen.”[3:76]

8) Taqwa causes a believer to attain knowledge.

So be afraid of Allah; and Allah teaches you. And Allah is All-Knower of everything.”[2:282]

9) Deeds of the muttaqeen will be accepted and he will be forgiven his  sins. Ayat conveying this meaning : [5:93],  [33:71-72] and [57:28]

“O you who believe! Keep your duty to Allah and fear Him, and always speak the truth. He will direct you to do righteous good deeds and will forgive you your sins. And whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger(SWS), he has indeed achieved a great achievement.”[33:71-72]

10) People of taqwa will be successful/ will prosper. Ayat conveying this meaning : [2:5], [2:189], [3:130], [3:200], [5:100] and [64:16].

“They are on (true) guidance from their Lord and they are the successful ones.”[2:5]

May Allah grant us the knowledge of HIS deen and taqwa that pleases HIM so that we are admitted into paradise. Ameen.

Taqwa-Part I


Bismillah Hirahaman Niraheem

Taqwa, the essence of the righteous, can be roughly translated as fear of Allah or God-consciousness. It is derived from the root word wa-qa-ya meaning shield or barrier. In a broader sense, this consciousness and fear of Allah acts as a protection and a shield against wrongdoing. It is the balance between fear of Allah and love for Allah. The fear of Allah is out of the love for HIM. There are various hadith and ayat in Quran about taqwa, characteristics of people of taqwa and its fruits.

HADITH ON TAQWA

The Prophet (SAW) said, <<The most common thing which leads people to Paradise is taqwa of Allah and good conduct, and the most common thing which leads people to the Hell Fire is the mouth and the private parts.”>>[Tirmidhi]

Tafseer ibn Kathir mentions that Atiyah As-Sa’di said the Propeht (SAW) said, <<The servant will not acquire the status of those with taqwa until he abandons what is harmless out of fear of falling into that which is harmful.>> [Ibn Majah, Tirmizi]

The messenger of Allah(SAW) said <<Taqwa is here>>, and he pointed to his chest.[Sahih Muslim]

Umar ibn Khattab (RA) asked Ubbay ibn Kaab (RA), What is the meaning of Taqwa? Ubbay ibn Kaab said, O Amir ul Muminin, have you walked on a field that had a lot of thorny plants? Umar said, Yes, Ubbay ibn Kaab said, So what did you do? Umar replied, I lifted up my clothes and I was very careful,Ubbay ibn Kaab said, That is Taqwa.

A person once asked the Prophet(SAW), “O Messenger of Allah! Give me some advice!” He replied, “I advise you to fear Allah because it is the head of everything.”

There was a time when Umar bin al-Khattab merely said a two-word khutba. He said, “Ittaqullah!” Fear Allah! And with that, he led the Friday Jum’ah prayer.

CHARACTERISTICS OF MUTTAQEEN IN QURAN

The people of Taqwa are called the Muttaqeen. Allah describes in various ayat of the Quran about the characteristics of the Muttaqeen.

1) Surah Baqarah

 “This is the book; in it is guidance sure, without doubt, for the muttaqeen. Who believe in the Unseen, are steadfast in prayer, and  spend out of what We have provided for them. And who believe in the revelation sent to thee, and sent before thy time, and believe in the Hereafter with certainty. They are on (the guidance) from their Lord and it is these who are the successful ones.” [2:2-5]

“It is not Al-Birr that you turn your faces toward East or West, but Al-Birr is to believe in Allah and the Last Day, and the Angels, and the Book and the Messengers, to spend of your substance out of love for Him, for your kin, for orphans, for the needy, for the wayfarer, for those who ask, and for the ransom of slaves; to be steadfast in prayer and practice regular charity; to fulfill the contracts you have made; to be firm and patient, in pain and adversity. Those are the truthful and those are the muttaqeen.”[2:177]

3) Surah Aal Imran

“Yes, whoever fulfils his pledge and fears Allah much; then verily Allah loves those who are Al-Muttaqeen.”[3:76]

4) Surah Al-Araf

“Verily, those who are Al-Muttaqeen, when an evil thought comes to them from Saitan, they remember(Allah), and they then see (aright).”[7:201]

5) Surah Al-Anbiya

“Those who fear their Lord in their most secret thoughts, and who hold the Hour(of Judgement) in awe.”[21:49]

6) Surah Adh-Dhariyat

“Verily the Muttaqeen will be in the midst of gardens and springs. Taking joy in the things which their Lord has given them. Verily, they were before this muhsineen. They used to sleep but little by night(invoking their Lord and praying with fear and hope). And in the hours before dawn, they were (found) asking (Allah) for forgiveness. And in their property there was the right of the Saail(beggar who asked) and the Mahrum(poor who did not ask others).“[51:15-19]

7) Surah Al-Lail

“And the muttaqeen will be far removed from it(Hell). He who spends his wealth for increase in self-purification. And who has (in mind) no favour from anyone to be paid back. Except to seek the Countenance of his lord, the Most High.”[92:17-19]

These ayat describe the characteristics of people of taqwa as follows

  • Belief in the Unseen. They believe in Allah, Angels, Holy Books, Allah’s messengers, Day of resurrection and divine preordainments. It also includes belief in what Allah and His Messenger(SWS) informed about the knowledge of the matters of the past, present and future eg. News about the creation of the heavens and earth, botanical and zoological life, the news about the nations of the past and about Paradise and Hell.[1]
  • Establish regular prayer.
  • Pay zakat regularly
  • Give sadaqah to both beggar and deprived seeking Allah’s pleasure alone.
  • Fear and love Allah.
  • Believe in Quran, Torah, Injeel and Zabur.
  • Have no doubt about the Hereafter and fear the Day of Judgement.
  • One who fulfils his oaths and contracts
  • Who is patient in times of suffering and adversity
  • Who are truthful
  • Fear Allah even in their thoughts.
  • Stay awake for most part of the night seeking Allah’s forgiveness.
  • Who remember Allah when an evil thought from shaitan comes to their mind.

In short the Muttaqeen believe firmly in Allah and follow the basic Islamic principles. They fear Allah(abstain from what He has prohibited) and love Him(perform all good deeds he has ordained).

Fruits of taqwa from Quran(next post inshaAllah)

Footnotes: [1] Interpretation of the meaning of The noble Quran by Dr.Muhammad Al-Hilali.